Permanent Mold Gravity casting may seem like a straightforward process, but a high level of skill is required to maintain the quality of products. As an experienced Gravity casting specialist, we follow a series of strict procedures to ensure our products can always meet your expectations.
Permanent Mold Gravity Casting is one of the oldest methods used for casting metals and alloys, dating all the way back to the earliest metal casting activities of mankind. As its name suggests, this process uses “permanent molds” that can be re-used many times, and the pouring process involves only the force of gravity (without the use of pressurized gases, vacuums, or centrifugal force).
The mold for this process is usually made of two halves of iron or steel tooling (male and female halves). Cores made from resin or sand can also be added to make hollow parts. The use of reusable molds makes this process ideal for mass production.
While the production cost can be reduced for repeating production, Permanent Mold Gravity casting is generally more expensive than sand casting, but still cheaper than Die Casting.
There are also other variations of the process developed to accommodate specific applications. These variations include:
Instead of pouring the molten metal into the mold, the metal is instead forced into the mold by using low pressure air. This technique ensures the mold remain filled during casting, and helps in reducing shrinkage during the cooling process. It also allows the product to have finer details and thinner cast walls.
Similar to the low pressure technique, this technique uses a vacuum to force the material into the mold. It also allows thinner walls, finer details, and better mechanical properties on the product.
In this process, molten metal is poured into the mold and allowed to cool and solidify at the cavity’s surface. When the solidified material reached the desired thickness, the remaining molten material is poured out of the mold. This technique is commonly used to cast hollow parts without the use of cores.
The best materials for this process are non-ferrous alloys with lower melting points, including aluminium, magnesium, tin, zinc, copper and lead alloys. Materials with a higher melting point are not recommended, as they may wear down the mold more quickly. Common alloys used for this process includes:
Due to the temperature and flowability requirements of the process, the use of copper based alloys is limited. These copper alloys can be divided into three groups:
Permanent Mold Gravity Casting can generally achieve tighter tolerances than conventional sand casting. The following section exhibits the tolerances of this process for your reference:
Gravity casting can produce parts with excellent mechanical properties and good surface finishes. This process is also known for its good dimensional repeatability and a reduced need for machining. It has many applications in the automotive industry and electrical industry, including engine components, gears, wheels, insulating flanges, brackets, hand levers and valve bodies, just to name a few.
If you need to produce relatively complex parts with finer surface finishes and tighter tolerances, you should probably consider permanent mold casting over conventional sand casting. It is also a good alternative for die casting, offering lower production costs and better ductility in the product.
Are you looking for a metal casting solution for your next project? Omnidex can help you assess your project and offer exceptional solution most-suited for your needs. Don’t forget to check out other casting processes on our website!
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